Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that destroys the attachment fibers and supporting bones that hold the teeth in the mouth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen and red due to inflammation, which is the body's natural response to the presence of harmful bacteria. Left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss.
Some symptoms of periodontal disease include:
- Bad breath that won't go away
- Red or swollen gums
- Tender or bleeding gums
- Painful chewing
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
The main cause of periodontal disease is poor oral hygiene habits resulting in bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on teeth.
When a patient has periodontal disease, it means that the bones of their jaw are receding. Moving teeth through bone that is already receding may just make the problem worse—even to the point that the tooth may just fall out altogether.
We recommend you address the periodontal disease before starting treatment.